Cuba’s National Seal

Escudo nacional
Cuba’s National Seal

The Cuban National Seal was designed in 1849 by the Cuban patriot Miguel Teurbe Tolon while residing in New York. Its design is based in the one adopted by the 1850's insurgents. It has a heart shaped configuration, divided into three fields.

The first field, which is the main one, the uppermost, symbolizes Cuba as the Gulf’s key due to its strategic location at the entrance of the Mexican Gulf, represented by a golden key, suspended in the air, between two lands that symbolize the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and the Florida Peninsula in the United States and the ocean. At the back there is one half of the solar disc which means the birth of a new state to a life of liberty and progress.

The left lower field represents the three Departments in which the island was divided at that time, Eastern, Central and Western, shown by three blue stripes. There are two dividing white stripes, meaning the purity of our liberators.

The right lower field reproduces a typical country view of Cuba, presided by a royal palm, representative image of the Cuban nature. In the forefront, flat land; in the background, two mountains.

There is a bundle of rods showing under the vertex of the heart shaped coat of arms, appearing later on in the upper part, central to the coat’s axis, where there is a red Phrygian cap, which has imbedded a five pointed white star. The bundle of rods signifies the unity of the Cubans and the star the liberty. In the lower part of the bundle of rods there are two crossing branches, one of oak and the other of laurel, going around the perimeter of the coat of arms. The first one signifies peace and the second, victory. This description has been made front facing the coat of arms.

This national coat of arms was born together with the Republic and was first recognized and its specifications determined in the Presidential Decree #154 of April 24, 1906 and later on, reflected in the 1940 Constitution in its Article 5, which states: “The national coat of arms is the one that as such is established by law. The Republic shall not recognize nor it will dedicate, at the national level, other flag, or other anthem or other coat of arms than those referred to in this article… .”

Translated by the Staff of Círculo Güinero de Los Ángeles

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